Things You Need To Know If Caught In a Flash Flood

With the irregular heavy rainfall, the possibility of a sudden flood is definitely not unimaginable. Such a sudden flood typically occurring due to heavy rains or is called a Flash Flood. Sometimes there is no warning of flash floods and that is why it is important to know what these are and be prepared before they happen.

Not just adults but children too should be aware of such calamities and understand few quick actions that they too, can take before, during and after a flash flood to stay safe and ensure other’s safety.

Here are a few things you should tell your kids and that can be really helpful during such a crisis:

Before the floods

  • Know about your local relief centres and evacuation routes
  • Keep emergency numbers and important information handy, as well as emergency supplies, kits, first aid items. These may include water, canned food, can opener, battery-operated radio, flashlight and protective clothing
  • Roll up and secure electrical appliances, Television, valuable documents, jewellery, etc
  • It is important to plant trees and shrubs in your compound if you stay in a lowland area. This can control erosion and cut down the speed of the flowing water
  • Keep a keen eye outside and on the weather report so that you can stay prepared
  • Do not step out in the rains. If you are already outside while it is raining it is advisable to get back home as quickly as possible

During floods

  • Flash floods occur in a short span of time. With the onset of a flash flood, be very quick, keep safe and ensure that children and elderly are safe by leaving the house to a higher ground
  • Turn off all electrical appliances and stay away from power points or broken power cables. Do not touch electrical equipment if you are wet
  • Carry emergency supplies and first aid items. Remember to carry drinking water
  • Do not walk through moving water during flash floods. As little as 6 inches of moving water can make you fall

 

After floods

  • Keep electricity off until the house is cleaned up properly. Check every corners of the house to be sure that the house is free of any water borne insects or snakes
  • Flood water is highly contaminated. Clean and disinfect everything that got wet. Mud left from floodwater can contain sewage and chemicals
  • Stay out of any building if it is surrounded by floodwaters

 

Flash flood can disrupt livelihood. Many people and animals become homeless. But this will not ruin our love for monsoon and affect us in a bigger way if we are well aware and well prepared to tackle such a situation. While you train your little ones with some safety tips, here’s a beautiful nursery rhyme that will make their monsoon even merrier.

Road Safety Tips for Kids

As a parent, you may not be aware of the safety concerns of your children on the road until one day when you go to school bus stops, neighbour’s house, or local shops. Suddenly you realise that a wave of vehicles rushing in at you and you are scared to even take the smallest step towards crossing the road. Imagine if you are so scared how your little one will cross that road!

You can’t be around your kids to ensure their safety. The best you can do is to teach them about road safety so that they can take care of themselves when you are not around. Here are few road safety tricks that you should teach your kids to ensure they are careful.

1. Stop and look around

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Tell them never to attempt to cross the road in haste. Crossing the road hastily can only harm them. Ask them to stop and look around for a green signal before crossing the road. Teach them to be cautious and keep checking their left and right until they feel completely safe before crossing the road.

2. Think before you leap

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Teach your kids to think carefully before crossing the road. It is always best to give them the idea about the different traffic signals and the road rules. Remind them not to hurry and must cross the road when the traffic is favourable.

3. Keep your ears open

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Being a good listener will never put you to trouble. Teach them to keep their ears open to vehicles honking. Tell your children to walk straight and also warn them not to listen to music while crossing the road.

4. No Running

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Children have a tendency to run and leave your hands while walking on the road. It is your duty to keep your child calm on the streets. Running while on the road can cause serious damage to your child.

5. Use Zebra Crossing

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A zebra crossing might look little dizzy but your kids should learn its importance. Teach your child to use the Zebra Crossing only while crossing the road. While crossing, you can tell your child to make eye contact with the drivers, to pay full attention to the road, and teach them the importance of doing such things.

6. Road is not a Play Zone

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While your child goes out for playing, always put some restriction. Tell your child not to play near the street or at the parking area. Teach your child not to chase balls and other play stuffs as mistakenly they could land themselves on a traffic stricken road. Instead, they should seek help from elders.

7. Traffic Signals

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The traffic signal is only about three colours – Red, Green and Yellow! These are some of the important colours that your child should be aware. Teach the significance of each colour – red means “stop”, green for “go”, and yellow for “move with caution”.

8. Wear bright colours

bright-colors

Bright colours always catch attention. You should advise your child to wear bright coloured clothing, even when they go out for bicycling on the streets. Wearing bright garments catch driver’s attention quickly.

9. Use sidewalks

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Teach your child uses pedestrian roads only for walking. If you demonstrate the same to your child they will follow and make it a habit.

10. Think twice

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Tell your child to think twice before crossing the road. Remind them to cross the road when the traffic is favourable and by hurrying, things will only get worse. Think before you leap.

Children before 9 years of age should not be allowed to cross roads on their own because they lack the necessary peripheral vision, hearing and judgement capabilities.Children never hesitate to copy adults. Practice the safest method before your children, for them to learn and grow. By setting a good example, you can ensure your child’s safety outside the school transportation service circle. Be wise!

 

Know About School Lockdown Drill

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A free evolved and developed society comes with a price and we now live in an increasingly violent and dangerous world. Places that were once considered safe havens are a source of potential crisis. Schools are such a place being both vulnerable and symbolic. They house the nation’s future, they symbolise society and the value of education. They are an important component of not only the educational system but also the community at large. We all have a responsibility to protect our schools and everyone there. If a person enters the school campus with the intent of doing harm then the decision and the actions we take in the first minutes can be the difference between life and death for everyone involved. How we react at the first few minutes of the situation can really dictate the next several hours and as well as the distant future. We should educate kids about all safety measures and must impart age appropriate information to them about such incidents.

When it comes to safety in schools today, many schools are not only implementing the fire drills but lock down drills as well. Lockdown drills are also different from evacuation drills. Evacuation drills are designed to prepare students, teachers, administrators, and other people in the school to leave the building quickly and in a pre-planned and organised fashion in the event of danger such as a bomb threat, when conditions outside the building are safer than the conditions inside the building.

School lockdown drills involve teaching children and adults how to barricade themselves in classrooms and hide from an armed and violent intruder. This may be necessary for situations where an evacuation would not be appropriate.

Steps of school Lockdown drills include:

Quietly and quickly enter the nearest classroom whenever there is an announcement about a lockdown emergency. If you are already in a classroom stay put and if you are in the hallway or out of your classroom do not loiter to find your own classroom, instead just walk into any nearest classroom.

Doors to classrooms should be closed and locked by any teacher or a student. Try to close the door without entering the hallway. Do not panic and do not close the door with a loud bang.

Barricade the door quickly with portable furniture. Students should barricade the door from inside by moving classroom furniture like the nearby tables, desks and chairs towards the door. This will create a block for the intruder both physically and mentally. Stack furniture as high as safely possible. Should an intruder get the door opens their vision and paths will limit their desire to enter the room.

Secure the windows and pull down window shades. While the barricade is being put up, another student can just go and close and lock the window to block any view from the outside. Any open window must be closed to prevent any intruder from entering the safe area.

Turn off lights, projectors and monitors in the meanwhile. It is important to know where the light switch is and turn it off immediately without causing any panic.

Stay calm and composed at such moment of crisis. If you panic then you are likely to make a wrong move. Just breathe in and breathe out and stay quiet.

Students should move to the safe area of the classroom without any panic. The place where you hide should be the least visible area of the classroom to any potential outside threat. It is tough to stay quiet and composed in darkness but such an emergency situation demands right actions.

Next, take attendance of the students. Once all the tasks are completed and you are settled down safely inside the classroom one should make a note of all the students who are normally present in the classroom and of those extra students who have entered the room during this emergency.

The red and green sheet is required as an indication. If there is a danger or a threat in the classroom or if you need immediate emergency assistance turn the sheet to the red side and stick it up on the window facing out as your class sign. If your classroom is secured leave your class sign with the green side facing outside.

Never use the phone to make any calls outside. Remain quiet and seated during the lockdown. Do not use the classroom phone unless there is an emergency inside the classroom.

End the Lockdown when you get an all clear signal from the recognisable officials.

Schools these days make it mandatory for students to follow a Lockdown drill. If your school hasn’t performed a lockdown drill yet, we have listed all the safety measures above to help you.  Regardless of whether a lockdown situation occurs because of an intruder, it is important to plan for what happens after the lockdown is initiated.  This is true for schools, and also for hospitals, government and retail locations that have similar plans in place. In order to determine the appropriate course of action and ensure the highest possible level of safety for occupants, first responders require as much information as possible about an emergency. The greater the situational awareness they have, the more effective the response will be. After all, we must hope for the best but prepare for the worst!

Internet Safety Tips

internet-security

In today’s generation, the internet takes a forefront when it comes to education, bringing the world together and also at your doorstep. The Internet is a wonderful resource for kids. These days kids who are old enough to swipe a screen can have access to the world through internet. That is why it is important to be aware of what your kids see and hear on the internet, who they talk to and what information they share about themselves online. At times a silly typo could expose your child to very sensitive and inappropriate content on the internet.

Children are learning about technology and using the internet at a younger age than ever. So parents must ensure that their kids are aware of the online dangers. Internet risks can be of different types, cyberbullying, identity theft, etc. Here’s what you need to know and what you can do to ensure internet safety for your child.

It is always advisable to add a filter to your kid’s search on the internet. There are many Internet Service Providers that provide parent-control options to block certain material from coming into a computer and restrict personal information from being sent online. But does this guarantee to keep your kids away from any kind of risks on the internet? Hence, it is very important to be aware of your kid’s activities on the internet and educate them about online risks.

At times as parents, we equip kids with hi-tech gadgets and approve of them for having their own social media account. Remember every social media or game platform have a permissible age. Share an email or social media account with your child so you can monitor messages.

Make sure your kids get access to such websites when they develop their basic understanding of what is right. Set up rules for going online and using a mobile phone. Decide upon the time of day, the length of time that your kids can be online and appropriate areas or sites for them to visit.

Parents should talk to their kids about internet safety and etiquettes. Giving out personal information on the internet is as hazardous as posting pictures on the internet and hence, is a strict no-no. The Internet is a real community of people who are connected by computers, so treat people that you don’t know on the Internet as strangers that you might meet in a street. Do not give out any personal information related to your family, friends or yourself like full names, addresses, telephone or mobile numbers or those of your parents. Other information like the name and location of your school or details of school activities can also identify you to others, whether you are in a chat room, message board or newsgroup.

Tell your kids not to respond any messages that are mean or in any way make them feel uncomfortable. Tell them it’s not their fault if they get a message like that. They should inform their parents right away.

To make this reading crisper and interesting here is a quick checklist of what all things you must make sure while your kids are browsing the internet.

internet-security-tips

 Warning signs: Be alert!

Warning signs of a child being targeted by an online predator include spending long hours online, especially at night, phone calls from people you don’t know, or unsolicited gifts arriving in the mail. If your child suddenly turns off the computer when you walk into the room, ask why and monitor computer time more closely. Withdrawal from family life and reluctance to discuss online activities are other signs to watch for.

Taking an active role in your kids’ Internet activities will help ensure that they benefit from the wealth of valuable information it offers without being exposed to any potential dangers.

 

Temper Tantrums

 

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Handling temper tantrums

 

What is Temper Tantrum?

Temper tantrums are unpleasant and disruptive behaviours or emotional outbursts, sometimes fierce and annoying and get over as quickly as it starts. Tantrums are extremely common in toddlers and preschoolers. One moment you and your child are enjoying a meal at a restaurant and the very next moment your child is whimpering, whining and soon screaming her lungs out! When your kid is going through a temper meltdown in response to an unexpressed frustration you could probably be thinking that you are failing as a parent and raising a tyrant.

Temper Tantrum in Toddlers…

Toddlers begin to understand a lot of words they hear yet their ability to express themselves is limited and when they cannot express their feelings frustration mounts. As a result, your toddler is screaming, whining, kicking, hitting, biting and throwing things around angrily. Kids throw tantrums especially when they are hungry, sleepy, tired, uncomfortable or when they don’t get to do something they want. With the development of their language skills, their tantrums tend to decrease.

Temper tantrum in little older kids…

Angry outbursts do not necessarily stop after toddler years. Older kids, too, at times, have troubles handling anger and frustrations! It is important to know what might cause such a temper tantrum in your child and how you can tackle such a situation!

Older kids often throw tantrums because they want independence and control over the surroundings. This often leads to power struggles as a child thinks “I can do it myself” or “I want it, give it to me” and the parents face an arrogant retaliation.

Tantrums should be handled differently depending on why your child is upset. Sometimes, you may need to provide comfort. At times, it’s best to ignore an outburst and distract your child with a new activity.

Ways to handle tantrums…

Tantrums of kids of different age groups should be handled differently. For example kids between the age group of 0-2 years who have not developed their speech yet cannot express their needs and wants. So their tantrums should be handled differently. It is important to observe their behaviour and then divert their attention into something else. It is easy to distract them. So, when your toddler heads toward an unacceptable or dangerous play object, calmly say “No” and either remove your child from the area or distract him or her with an appropriate activity.

Do not raise your hand. Babies and toddlers are unlikely to be able to make any connection between their erratic behaviour and physical punishment. They will only feel the pain of the hit.

Little grown up kids need more understanding and their tantrums should be handled critically. While dealing with stubborn kids one must be authoritative and in full control of the situation. Help them calm down and explain to them how their behaviour is unacceptable. Let them know what consequences their actions would lead to.

House rules are important. As your child grows and begins to understand the connection between actions and consequences, explain to them what you expect of them before you punish them for certain behaviour. As parents, you must be consistent when it comes to disciplining your kids.

Be firm and authoritative in your voice and behaviour. Speak calmly, clearly, and firmly — not with anger, blame, harsh criticisms, threats, or putdowns. Demand an apology and this way your child will learn the bend down and say sorry.

What parents must do…

As parents try not to give in to your child’s tantrum because then they will believe that screaming and throwing a fit will fetch them unnecessary attention. While your patience could be just tested by ugly tantrums, try not to lose your cool. Remember, the key is to ‘keep calm’. Reacting to your kid’s meltdowns with yelling will only teach them to do the same. Staying calm will help you to see appropriate ways to handle the situation.

Don’t forget that kids learn by watching adults, particularly their parents. So avoid using any harsh languages in front of kids. No name-calling and maintain a healthy environment at home. Be a role model to your kids

Learning to deal with frustration is a skill that children gain over time, till then calm down and realise this is a very common trait among kids that should be dealt with patience and by staying firm.

 

Of course, all these are easier said than done. It’s important to teach your kids how to handle anger and frustration. Our beloved little ones test our nerves because they’re testing boundaries all around them, make them understand but do not give in to their desires. Tantrums generally stop on their own. As kids mature, they gain self-control and learn to cooperate, communicate, and cope with frustration.

 

Importance of Family Meal Time

 

Importance of Family Dinner Time

Family mealtime is when everyone at home sits down and enjoys a meal together. This can be at breakfast, lunch, and/or dinner. In today’s world with advanced technologies and fast paced life, how much do we get to bond with our families? How many meals do we have with our families? In our busy schedule, we tend to overlook those precious moments, those special bondings that can strengthen family ties. A great way to bond with family is to have at least one-time meal every day together.

Benefits of a family meal time have been widely talked about. We know that kids who have meals with their family, tend to do better in school getting higher grades, they tend to be more emotionally adjusted to have fewer depressive symptoms.

We know there are some really good associations with eating food with family because so much can be learned at a dining table. Your child learns manners and gratitude when you teach your child to use words like ‘please’ or ‘thank you’. Also, they learn to be generous as you ask them to give the large piece of cake to the guest.

Kids also learn a lot of words at family meal time, more than ten-times as many words they learn from being read to, at night. So kids learn a lot in the realm of social and emotional learning including linguistics.

Eating food together as a family provides the opportunity for conversation. This lets parents teach healthy communication without distractions from smartphones, television, computers, and mobile devices.Sitting together and eating food allows every family member to discuss his or her day and share any exciting news.Encourage your child to participate. Do not underestimate your child’s ability to hold a conversation.

By engaging your children in conversation, you teach them how to listen and provide them with a chance to express their own opinions. This allows your children to have an active voice within the family.

Eating dinner together as a family also encourages healthy eating habits. Studies show family dinners increase the intake of fruits and vegetables; families who eat food together tend to eat fewer fried foods and drink less soda; and family meal frequency is linked to the intake of protein, calcium, and some vitamins.Having a meal with your family ensures you are healthy and less likely to be obese or have any eating disorder.

No matter how busy you are, never skip a chance to have dinner with your family. A family meal time is like an informal get-together where you talk your heart out and bond for life. Make efforts to have at least 2-3 meals every week with family. One of life’s greatest pleasures is sharing good food with the ones you love. Life is too short to miss out on this simple joy and all the good things it can bring to your relationships. A family that eats together stays together!

Importance of Sleep

Importance of sleep

Sleep is essential for a person’s health and wellbeing. It’s something we spend about a third of our lives doing, but, do any of us really understand its importance.

We are often happy to realize that the brain sorts through and stores information, replaces chemicals, and solves problems while you snooze. But this time, let’s understand what the backend process is!

Two thousand years ago, Galen, a prominent medical researcher of the ancient world, proposed that while we are awake, our brain’s motive force, its juice, would flow out to all the other parts of the body, leaving the brain all dried up. He thought when we sleep, all the moisture that hydrate the rest of the body would come rushing back rehydrating the brain and refreshing the mind.

He simply tried to explain that when we sleep it clears our mind and when you don’t sleep it leaves your mind murky. The brain uses a quarter of the body’s entire energy supply, yet only accounts for about two percent of the body’s mass. So how does this unique organ receive and, perhaps more importantly, rid itself of vital nutrients? New research suggests it has to do with sleep.

According to recent research, it is found that sleep may actually be an elegant design solution to some of the brain’s most basic needs including rehydrating and cleaning it.

Now, just as every cell requires nutrients to fuel it, they also produce waste as by-product and the clearance of that waste is another important problem that each organ has to solve. Our body’s lymphatic system takes charge of this work. This system helps the body to get rid of the toxins and unwanted material from the body. But we must know there are no lymphatic vessels in the brain.

The brain is an intensely active organ that produces a large amount of waste which needs to be cleared off. Unlike other organs, the brain uses a different approach to efficiently clear off the wastes. The brain has this large pool of clean, clear liquid fluid called Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF). Interestingly this fluid and the waste from outside of the brain are pumped back into and through the brain clearing off the waste by-product along its way.

This unique function of the brain of waste clearance happens in sleeping brain. When we go to sleep the brain cells seem to shrink, opening up spaces between them allowing the fluid to rush through and waste to be cleared out. So, the waste accumulated inside the brain during the day while we are busy is cleared off when we sleep.

Now that you know why sleep is so important, make sure you give appropriate time to your brain to clean up itself. Whenever you feel tired give that machine a little break for rejuvenating itself!

sleeping tips

Sleep well while your brain cleans itself!